Agreement is a fundamental aspect of grammar, particularly when constructing sentences in English. The purpose of agreement is to ensure coherence and clarity in written or spoken communication. Without proper agreement, sentences can become confusing, and the intended message may be misinterpreted.
To use agreement in a sentence, it is important to understand the different parts of speech and their roles in sentence construction. Here are a few tips to help you use agreement correctly in your writing:
1. Subject-Verb Agreement
One of the most important aspects of agreement in a sentence is ensuring that the subject and verb agree in number. This means that singular subjects require singular verbs, and plural subjects require plural verbs.
Example: The cat (singular subject) is chasing (singular verb) the mouse.
Example: The cats (plural subject) are chasing (plural verb) the mouse.
2. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
When using pronouns in a sentence, it is crucial to ensure that they agree in number and gender with their antecedents. The antecedent is the noun that the pronoun refers to.
Example: Sara (singular antecedent) loves her (singular pronoun) new car.
Example: The students (plural antecedent) love their (plural pronoun) new textbooks.
3. Adjective-Noun Agreement
When using adjectives to describe a noun, it is important to ensure that the adjective agrees with the noun in number and gender.
Example: The tall (singular and masculine) man is running.
Example: The tall (singular and feminine) woman is running.
4. Indefinite Article-Noun Agreement
When using the indefinite article “a” or “an” before a noun, it is important to use the correct article based on the first sound of the noun. Use “a” before words that begin with consonants, and “an” before words that begin with vowels.
Example: A (indefinite article) dog is barking.
Example: An (indefinite article) elephant is trumpeting.
By following these tips, you can ensure that your sentences have proper agreement and convey your intended message clearly. Remember to pay attention to the number, gender, and context of the words in your sentence to achieve proper agreement.